Marijuana Extracts & Concentrates
If you’re aware of extracts / concentrates you know one or all of the cannabis plant’s compounds allows you to create a wider range of butane hash oil products for your customers. Cannabis concentrates have become increasingly popular due to the variety of types available.
Concentrates made from marijuana usually require a some sort of compression and extraction method to release Resin, Sauce, Ect. listed below.
There are two main methods for removing and concentrating cannabinoids from cannabis: solvent-based extraction and mechanical, or solventless extraction.
Solvent-based extraction uses volatile chemicals to dissolve the trichomes from the plant material. Then, the solvent is then removed, which leaves behind an extract like shatter, wax or vape oil. These are called extracts. Butane is often the solvent.
Solvent-less, or mechanical extraction methods don’t use chemicals. Instead, the trichomes are beaten, rubbed or pressed from the plant, resulting in a concentrate like kief, hash or rosin. These are called concentrates.
Both of these methods have advantages and disadvantages.
One of the advantages of solvent-based extraction is that it can be manipulated to isolate specific cannabinoids. These can be used to target specific effects, such as extra THC for a body high or CBD for relaxation.
But some people prefer to use solventless extraction methods to make concentrates because they see them as more natural. Using only compression to prepare concentrates.
The solventless processes also leave more of the original cannabinoids intact, unaltered by chemicals used for solvent-based methods. This has led to a growing interest in these solventless extraction methods, including the use of commercial rosin presses.
Another extremely important consideration is safety.
- Solventless extraction processes are mostly safe to do at home, but solvent-based procedures can be extremely dangerous if done improperly and have even resulted in deaths by explosion or fire.
- Dangerous amounts of solvent can be left behind if the product isn’t properly purged after manufacturing.
- It’s even illegal to use certain solvents in many districts without a specialized license and equipment.
So, those who are thinking of manufacturing their own cannabis products at home, solvent-less is the way to go if you’re looking for a quick and easy method. We often say the most simple solution is often the best and there is nothing too complicated with a rosin-press / heat-press.
Taking some nugs and putting them on wax paper and using a rosin-press / heat-press squish the nugs until a sauce starts to drip out. 8/10 I will form a sauce of some sort because of the simplicity of the method to produce.
This process is called pressing concentrates.
Solvent extraction can take a couple forms but here is the most common method.
Filling a glass tube with about an (1/2-2)ounce(s) of bud, capping off the bottom with a high tread metal micron filter (use a tight seal), and then blast bottle of Butane through the top into a nonstick silicon bowl of some sort. It will get very cold and you will have to wait for the liquid butane solvent mix to vaporize before you move it to a container/wax paper.
This process is called blasting extracts.
CO2 and ethanol extraction methods aren’t able to produce the most refined hash oils available on the market but the CO2 and ethanol extraction can make THC Isolate.
Cannabis concentrate types vary in size, color, texture, and chemical content.
- Live Resin: Flash-frozen buds produce a high-terpene hash oil with a slightly liquid consistency and a blast of flavor.
- Sauce: A full-spectrum hash oil with a gritty and sticky consistency.
- Diamonds: Crystalline extracts of the inactive THCA or CBDA compounds found in sauce or isolates.
- Shatter: A butane hash oil extract with a hard consistency and high potency
- Pull and Snap: Similar to shatter, pull and snap is slightly more malleable and snaps when pulled apart.
- Wax: Wax is a popular cannabis concentrate type that can easily break apart.
- Budder: With a butter-like consistency, budder has very high THC levels.
- Crumble: Dry, crumbly, and potent.
- Sap: A slightly sticky and runny hash oil.
- Oil: A concentrated liquid featuring a wide array of compounds and terpenes.
- THCA Isolate: A crystalline powder with high concentrations of the inactive THCA compound.
A wide range of products can be produced with these concentrates. Edibles can be made with a number of concentrates, albeit, full-spectrum products can affect certain subtle flavors. Distillate is a popular choice for its flavorless and odorless characteristics.
On top of being able to make edibles such as candy and baked goods, hash oil can produce concentrates for vape cartridges, topicals, capsules, tinctures, transdermal patches, and beverages.